Tuesday, January 31, 2006

TONIGHT ON THE TERRORDOME: The White Architects of Black Education

Tonight on THE TERRORDOME: William H. Watkins discusses the thesis of his book on the American education system, The White Architects of Black Education, while author Robin Stone discusses another form of child abuse, as she discusses her book No Secrets, No Lies: How Black Families Can Heal From Sexual Abuse.

6 PM Mountain Time
CJSR FM88
www.cjsr.com

The White Architects of Black Education
In any system, those who control information control everyone. Although some conservatives attack the educational system by claiming that it fails to teach values, it’s actually impossible for education to be free of values. The very act of teaching something confirms that those who teach it consider it valuable. What they really mean is that the values that they want highlighted are not highlighted. But just because ultra-conservatives are unhappy, that doesn’t mean progressives should be happy. Like any social institution, the educational system not only reflects, but is designed to maintain the existing social order.

While some classes in some schools may broach difficult or controversial topics, very few teachers anywhere teach the means by which students can effectively challenge injustice and build alternate systems. In fairness to teachers—and I’m one—teaching a pedagogy of liberation would be no small task, especially with an already packed curriculum. Who offers a blueprint? Who publishes the textbooks? Who could design the projects, and how? How would students be graded and receive credit?

Given all that, it’s not surprising that education systems are inherently conservative, whatever the political ethics of the teachers involved. Such systems will preserve the existing balance or imbalance of power, including the supremacy of big business, gender supremacy, and racial supremacy. For instance in our country, millions of Canadians from coast to coast to coast have attended twelve years of public school and some with additional years of university, without ever having been required to read a single book by a First Nations author, research an aboriginal culture, history or figure, or learn a native language. If the minds of the oppressors—that is to say, us—don’t change, the lives of the oppressed almost certainly never will.

If Canadian education reinforces a system of racial supremacy, then certainly so does American education. Tonight we’ll hear from a school teacher and academic who’s devoted his life to dismantling the oppressive aspects of the system and turning them towards liberation. According to Professor Manning Marable, educational researcher Dr. William H. Watkins has produced “an invaluable contribution to our understanding of the complex relationships between white philanthropy and black education.” William Watkins is a professor of education and the author of The White Architects of Black Education: Ideology and Power in America, 1865-1954 (Teachers College Press, $36.00) among many other works, and was the lead editor of Race and Education: The Roles of History and Society in Educating African American Students.

No Secrets, No Lies: How Black Families Can Heal From Sexual Abuse
One of the gravest horrors in human society is the sexual abuse of children.
Its effects are far ranging; some people never heal from the damage. The abuse can become a pattern, in which those who were harmed later on inflict that same harm upon others.

Inside some Afrikan communities, a certain attitude has developed—that sexual abuse is, for lack of a better term, “a White thing,” which doesn’t affect us. But that attitude is not only inaccurate, it’s dangerous, because it provides cover for those who prey on children and destroy lives.

Robin Stone, executive editor and founding editor of Essence.com, is the author of No Secrets, No Lies: How Black Families Can Heal From Sexual Abuse. A survivor of sexual abuse herself, Stone recalls that her attacker transformed her from a lively and exuberant young girl into a desperately shy and afraid young woman. She discusses her book and how she reclaimed her life.

Tuesday, January 24, 2006

Stephen Lewis, Oprah, Slavery + AIDS

I spoke with Stephen Lewis on Sunday morning about Afrika, AIDS, Western arrogance and Oprah Winfrey. You can hear my conversation with him on The Terrordome (check the link on the left) Wednesday at 6 PM Mountain Time on CJSR FM88 and/or www.cjsr.com. You can also read the text version below.

He'll be speaking in E-Town this Monday at noon for free. For info, check here. You can check out the Stephen Lewis Foundation here.

Footnote links on Wednesday's Terrordome:

Sudanese Slavery Hoax? (scroll down and check on the right).

On Live 8:

Bob Geldof Praises George Bush
Live 8 Short on Africans

Live 8 Charity Gigs Not African Enough For Critics
The G8, Live 8, and Africa: Taking Hypocrisy to New Levels
What rocks is capitalism... yeah, yeah, yeah


Talking with Stephen Lewis

If international human rights work were George Lucas’s Star Wars, then Stephen Lewis would probably be Obi-Wan Kenobi, a warrior envisaging a better world while witnessing the one he’s in collapsing, a warrior who’s spent decades peering inside misery and shadows on errands of mercy, then bestriding the halls of power to confront those who claim to speak in the name of justice while they are working for its very opposite. The rights of children and the dispossessed are Stephen Lewis’s gods; the injustice of enforced poverty and the HIV/AIDS pandemic which threatens to exterminate the peoples of the Afrikan continent are his demons.

But unlike those of the fictional Ben Kenobi, Lewis’s battles have never been pre-determined nor made elegant and photogenic courtesy of Hollywood CGI, and the victories have been far less frequent or certain. Because as the 69 year-old Lewis demonstrates painfully in Race Against Time (Anansi; $18.95), the book version of his 2005 Massey Lectures, victories for Afrika are rare when greed, myopia, bureaucratic egotism and marketplace fundamentalism are your enemies.

Nevertheless, Lewis has been undaunted and unstoppable. If Canada and the UN handed out mission medals to its political and diplomatic soldiers, Lewis’s dress uniform would be a swath of colours: currently the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Afrika, Lewis was Deputy Executive Director of UNICEF from 1995-1999, a commissioner for the World Health Organisation, a Rwandan genocide investigator for the Organisation of African Unity, Canada’s Ambassador to the United Nations, and the first full-time federal organiser of the then-new NDP in 1961. Currently he heads the Stephen Lewis Foundation (www.stephenlewisfoundation.org), an NGO which funds community-based initiatives in Afrika which renders palliative care to women dying of AIDS, and multilateral assistance to AIDS orphans and others living with HIV/AIDS.

So when Lewis speaks on any topic about global justice, not listening is not an option, especially when he’s no more than two degrees of separation from virtually any world leader. His rolodex includes global luminaries such as his friend Graça Machel, the former first lady of Mozambique and the second wife of Nelson Mandela; he’s played tour guide in Zambia to Oprah Winfrey; his boss, of course, is sorta-kinda the president of the world.

And despite Lewis’s legendarily loquacious lexicon (words such as “feckless,” “Byzantine” and “invidious” skitter from his lips like legions of grasshoppers before a lawnmower), Race Against Time is a very down-to-earth, highly readable volume. The book almost vibrates with the intensity of its stories of woe and humanity, and fully a fifth of its text is inspiringly devoted to solutions.

This Monday, Lewis will be speaking at the University of Alberta’s Student Union Building, with proceeds going to his foundation’s many AIDS relief projects, the cause which causes his voice to tremble with rage and his rage to inspire thousands to action. The legitimacy of Lewis’s rage is undeniable: 25 million people are already dead from the pandemic; more than 40 million people have HIV/AIDS, more than 2 million of them are children, and almost 65 percent of all the victims are Afrikans. Although donor governments routinely make extravagant election promises of AIDS relief, elections can be bought and sold by donations from Big Drugs, who were the only Forbes 500 victors during the market crash of 2001, when they increased their profits 32 percent from $28 billion to $37 billion. A modern medical holocaust has definitely been good for business.

Stephen Lewis spoke with me via telephone from his Toronto home just a day before the federal election about AIDS, the UN, and what the world is doing for--and against--Afrika. Here are key excerpts from our discussion.

MINISTER FAUST: In your book, you speak of the apparent inabilit of International Financial Institutions (IFIs) such as the World Bank and the IMF to understand how their Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) are actually reversing human development in education, health care and other areas and thus leading to widespread misery in this time of the HIV/AIDS plague. Are the IFIs incapable of helping? Or is it their objective to maintain inequality?

STEPHEN LEWIS: I’m no friend, at least intellectually and ideologically, of the IFIs. But I don’t think it would be fair to work on the assumption that they are determinedly keeping the poor poor, and they have some conspiratorial design which directs them to maintaining poverty and inequality. They pursue a series of policies in which from time to time they firmly believe, until the policies do great damage and then they jettison the policies. So if you ask the World Bank now about the Structural Adjustment Policies (SAPs) which it imposed on Africa in the 1980s and 1990s, they will say that Structural Adjustment is dead, that SAPs they imposed were really policies designed for the Western world, not for struggling Third World economies. But the truth of the matter is, there was so much damage done to the social sectors, particularly education, health, nutrition, sanitation, water, all the things that make life bearable--so much damage done that Africa has yet to recover. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) imposes “macro-economic controls” on various countries in return for loans and unbreachable frameworks. If they want to hire more teachers, and the IMF says to the government, “You’re not allowed to spend any more money on teachers--your GNP can’t take it,” then a government like Zambia’s or Malawi’s is prohibited from doing so.

MINISTER FAUST: If you were to take world leaders and IMF and World Bank officials to some of the hellish zones of misery you describe in Race Against Time, do you think that would be sufficient to change their minds and their polices?

STEPHEN LEWIS: No, I’m not sure it would be enough. The World Bank has a great many people on the ground and they’re often very good and helpful people. That’s one of the aspects of the curious way in which one sees these terrible things on the ground and then doesn’t understand that the policies don’t help. I’ve often wondered how G8 leaders such as Paul Martin can go to Darfur and other parts of Africa and yet cannot bring himself to reach the 0.7 percent GDP target for foreign aid which Canada fashioned.... It’s odd how so many of these major political and financial figures can visit the continent, can clearly be wrenched emotionally by what they see, and yet return and reassume the passive business-as-usual stance.

MINISTER FAUST: Could it be that a few weeks or days of witnessing misery and desperation, even if provoking a sincere emotional response, simply can’t counter decades of intellectual, ideological and policy programming?

STEPHEN LEWIS: That’s a good point. It may well be they’re so encrusted by the policies they’ve implemented, they’re so captive of their own assumptions, that even though they see such misery and despair, it registers momentarily but not in the long-term. I once took Oprah Winfrey--I don’t pretend she’s a political leader, but she’s a pretty major international figure--for one day to Zambia. She’d spent quite a bit of time in South Africa working very closely with Nelson Mandela and Graça Machel and she’d seen a great deal, but in some ways South Africa’s a more privileged environment. She was really taken aback by what she saw in Zambia; she kind of recoiled at some of the wretchedness. I have a feeling that it made a difference to her. She subsequently in her programmes on orphaned children in Southern Africa and in many of the causes she took up was clearly affected by what she saw. I think it’s fair to say that even people who bring a lifetime of assumptions are capable after a few days of changing their positions, but the G8 powers seem unable to make that shift.

MINISTER FAUST: Recently you and another White author were interviewed by Michael Enright on CBC’s The Sunday Edition on the plight of Afrika, but there wasn’t a single Afrikan intellectual, writer or leader allowed into that discussion. That seems to reflect the views and actions of power at the highest levels, whether in this century of the 19th-- that Afrikan minds, opinions and policies either don’t exist or are irrelevant even when determining their fate.

STEPHEN LEWIS: There is an increasing recognition of the need to include African leaders and activists in most of these [attempts at solutions]. So now at the G8 conferences, you regularly have UN Secretary General Kofi Annan and Obasanjo and Mbeki... you more and more have African participation in the critical debates. On Tony Blair’s Commission on Africa, you have very, very good African leaders making the decisions and forming the policy. More and more there is a recognition that you can’t do these things without Africa directing the result. But you’re right--fundamentally, it takes too long to involve particularly African activism in the work of the international community. But when you’ve got so many neo-colonial instincts--the world is still filled with people who are closet imperialists in their public behaviour on behalf of governments--it’s going to take a long time.

Sunday, January 22, 2006

The White liberal guide on how to write about Africa

Br. Binyavanga Wainaina writes, "In your text, treat Africa as if it were one country. It is hot and dusty with rolling grasslands and huge herds of animals and tall, thin people who are starving. Or it is hot and steamy with very short people who eat primates. Don't get bogged down with precise descriptions. Africa is big: fifty-four countries, 900 million people who are too busy starving and dying and warring and emigrating to read your book... so keep your descriptions romantic and evocative and unparticular.

"Make sure you show how Africans have music and rhythm deep in their souls, and eat things no other humans eat. Do not mention rice and beef and wheat; monkey-brain is an African's cuisine of choice, along with goat, snake, worms and grubs and all manner of game meat. Make sure you show that you are able to eat such food without flinching, and describe how you learn to enjoy it—because you care.

"Taboo subjects: ordinary domestic scenes, love between Africans (unless a death is involved), references to African writers or intellectuals, mention of school-going children who are not suffering from yaws or Ebola fever or female genital mutilation.

"Throughout the book, adopt a sotto voice, in conspiracy with the reader, and a sad I-expected-so-much tone. Establish early on that your liberalism is impeccable, and mention near the beginning how much you love Africa, how you fell in love with the place and can't live without her."

Saturday, January 21, 2006

Japanese SF indie looks like it costs $150 million

My man Br. Ernest Dickerson (Juice, Bones, Never Die Alone) said that a Japanese SF movie called Casshern looks like it cost $150 million but only cost $6 million. Kot-tam, the trailer alone looks like it cost $6 million.

Thing aint even come out in North America yet (not on the screens, anyway), but I'm trying to track down a copy. Looks freaking amazing.





















Wednesday, January 18, 2006

Prime Minister Skinner?

The haircut... the nerdiness... the anger... the rules! rules! rules!, the toadying to "superiors" (Bush and Superintendent Chalmers) while attempting to appear strong on his own... the anti-labour agenda...

Some folks have a serious hate on for this guy. Me... I figure we just need to organise a whole bunch of Barts and before you know it, we'll... uh... what, go back to endless Liberal arrogance, corporate lackeyism and undercover fusion with American policy (while claiming to do the opposite)?

And you can forget about the krypto-conservative Neo-Greens in Canada. Led by a Tory, they're really the Turquoise Party.

Kot-tam, kilogram. Check out a much better alternative.

Tuesday, January 17, 2006

Exploiting Dr. King--Enemies who paint themselves as friends

Br. Earl Ofari Hutchinson writes: "In the late 1960s when King denounced the Vietnam war, embraced militant union struggles, and barnstormed around the country blasting wealth and class privilege, the red-baiters and professional King haters branded him a Communist. The Lyndon Johnson White House turned hostile. Corporate and foundation supporters slowly turned off the money spigot....

"In his last installment on King, At Canaan's Edge: America in the King Years, 1965-68, Taylor Branch tells how King stormed out of a planning meeting for his Poor People's March, in fury at the attacks directed at him by some of his top aides who wanted to scrap the March. The issue of uniting masses of poor people for economic uplift smacked of class war and was too risky and dangerous....

"King's civil rights friends weren't the only ones that took shots at him. Many black ministers joined in the King bash.... [T]he National Baptist Convention in 1961, then (and now) the largest black religious group in America... flung threats and insults at King, and the civil rights advocate-ministers engaged in fisticuffs with them and slandered King as a 'hoodlum and crook.'"

Even worse now are all the neo-conservatives sliming their way out of the sewers to claim Dr. King as one of their own. Can you believer it? Read the above, and then listen to THE TERRORDOME Wednesday at 6 PM to hear MLK's classic "Beyond Vietnam" speech which makes absolutely clear that conservatives have nothing in common with King, one of the most radical leaders the US has ever produced.

Slavery in Sudan? Who's lying? Who's getting paid?

In 2003, Sudan's ambassador claimed: "There is no slavery is Sudan, period."

For a long time I've been horrified by the atrocities committed by the Sudanese government and its proxies, especially in Darfur. I have no doubts that this government is a frequently behaving as an enemy of freedom. So don't misunderstand where this post is going. I'm against forced Islamisation as much as I'm against forced Christianisation, communisation, capitalisation or any other form of coercion.

But according to allegations in this CBS report by Dan Rather, the entire "free the enslaved Sudanese" movement is nothing but a racket. To view the CBS documentary, scroll down and look on the right for the report labelled The Sudan Slave Trade.

We may be looking at a case where we've got an evil government and misguided or fraudulent "crusaders."

You might also want to check out some alternate points of view, including Sudan Update and Escape from Slavery.

Tuesday, January 10, 2006

Henry Louis Gates, the NYT, and the Afrikan Holocaust

Ss. Margaret Kimberley writes: "Europe and the United States created terrible poverty and instability around the world. So much so, that the people they oppress yearn to live in the oppressor nations in hopes of improving their lives....

"No other group is dissuaded from learning about its ancestry as much as black people are dissuaded. Even groups whose ancestors immigrated voluntarily came from poor countries. Their homelands weren't just poor, they were often oppressive. There would have been no immigration if that were not the case. Yet the New York Times doesn't tell anyone else to forget about identifying with their place of origin. Only black Americans are told to wise up and be grateful for what the system has meted out to them.

"Not content to make light of African Americans attempts to connect to Africa, the New York Times had to add the piece de resistance. They had to call Henry Louis Gates.... Gates is definitely shrewd. He has gamed a system that confers top dog status on only a few black faces. Journalism schools teach courses like Gates 101 and grade students on their ability to get in touch with Gates when in need of a handy quote about black people.

"Several years ago Gates proudly showed the world how little he knew in the PBS documentary series Wonders of the African World. In the slave trade segment, Gates' only moment of anger was directed at an Ashanti prince. If Gates wants to wax righteously indignant, he should interrogate a member of the Brown family of Brown University. The Brown fortune was made through slavery, as were many others. Gates ought to give a Brown descendant the third degree on camera.

"In the Times article Gates gives us this nugget of wisdom: 'The myth was our African ancestors were out on a walk one day and some bad white dude threw a net over them. But that wasn't the way it happened. It wouldn't have been possible without the help of Africans.' A real historian might have added that there would have been no slave trade without a demand from Europe and America."

Visit The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual Record.

Richard Morgan speaks

Check out this audio interview with Richard Morgan, the author of Market Forces, a recent SF novel that combines Oliver Stone's Wall Street with Mad Max. He's also a swell guy. In the interview, Morgan discusses other books of his including Woken Furies.

You can read my review of Market Forces here.

US global dominance

Br. John Maxwell writes: "the world has seen what [U.S.] unilateral arrangements can mean, at Abu Ghraib and Gunatanamo Bay, for example, and in the vast gulag archipelago for suspected terrorists now being operated round the world by the United States.

"As one of Britian's most eminent judges, Lord Steyn, has said, the US has created a 'law-free zone' where it can commit any crime against anyone without fear of prosecution. Or so Mr Bush's advisers believe."

Robert Fisk on Ariel Sharon

"Ever since he was elected in 2001 - and especially since his withdrawal of settlements from the rubbish tip of Gaza last year, a step which would, according to his spokesman, turn any plans for a Palestinian state in the West Bank into 'formaldehyde' - his supporters have tried to turn Sharon into a pragmatist, another Charles de Gaulle. His new party was supposed to be proof of this.

"But in reality, Sharon had more in common with the putchist generals of Algeria. He voted against the peace treaty with Egypt in 1979. He voted against a withdrawal from southern Lebanon in 1985. He opposed Israel's participation in the Madrid peace conference in 1991. He opposed the Knesset plenum vote on the Oslo agreement in 1993. He abstained on a vote for peace with Jordan in 1994. He voted against the Hebron agreement in 1997. He condemned the manner of Israel's retreat from Lebanon in 2000. By 2002, he had built 34 new Jewish colonies on Palestinian land. And he was a man of peace."

Why did the CIA give the Iranians blueprints to build a bomb?

"...As the CIA later learned, the Iranian who received the download was a double agent. The agent quickly turned the data over to Iranian security officials, and it enabled them to 'roll up' the CIA's network throughout Iran. CIA sources say that several of the Iranian agents were arrested and jailed, while the fates of some of the others is still unknown.

"This espionage disaster, of course, was not reported. It left the CIA virtually blind in Iran, unable to provide any significant intelligence on one of the most critical issues facing the US - whether Tehran was about to go nuclear.

Friday, January 06, 2006

Priceless: Letterman lands haymakers on Bill O'Reilly

Thanks to Doug Ireland for this video. And here's a weird thing: O'Reilly refers to Britain's intelligence agency "M-I-6" as "M-1-6".

Iran's Anti-Gay Pogrom

The excellent Doug Ireland (see links on the left) writes: "The Islamic Republic of Iran--under the new government of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad--is engaged in a major anti-homosexual pogrom targeting gays and gay sex. This campaign includes Internet entrapment, blackmail to force arrested gays to inform on others, torture and executions of those found guilty of engaging in 'homosexual acts.'"

And, on a more hopeful note: Cambridge, MA re-elected Mayor Ken Reeves, the first Afrikan mayor in Massachussets and the first Black "out" mayor anywhere in the US. Thanks to Black Electorate.com for both these stories.

See also Black Gay Leaders To Hold National Summit.

Thursday, January 05, 2006

Black obesity, White neurosis? Neither? Or both?

sondjata wrote in response to my previous posting:

"I have issues with this. In the US and elsewhere overweight men and women suffer disproportionately from Hypertension, Diabeties and related illnesses. If reducing ones weight can lead to a healthier life with less doctor visits and less reliance on medication in old(er) age, then that should not be looked at as 'Western' but rather as healthy."

Allow me to respond. Obesity is absolutely a health problem, leading among other crises to heart attacks, strokes and diabetes, not to mention a general lowering of quality of life in that obesity limits mobility. As well, the small-minded discriminate against the obese and arbitrarily determine what is considered "overweight."

For instance: “The statistics are appalling: According to a 2004 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, a study by Yale University predicts that if childhood obesity maintains its current pace, today’s children will suffer heart attacks and strokes by their early 20s. In addition, it is estimated that 30 percent of boys and 40 percent of girls born in 2000 will become diabetic osteoporosis (also very rare outside the centre of the Empire).

It is also true that White European ideals of body shape are quite frequently unhealthy even for White Europeans; the diet and lifestyle of the urban, industrial Empire has brought with it the harsh effects of menopause (virtually unknown in much of the rest of the world; even in industrial Japan, the negative effects of menopause are so rare that Japanese has no word or phrase for "hot flashes") and osteoporosis (also very rare outside the centre of the Empire).

Once you add in the neuroses of body-shape which always lead to lower quality of life (in morale) and sometimes lead to depression (in addition to abuse of diet drugs, laxatives and steroids), and then even to psychoses of eating disorders which may threaten their lives, and it becomes clear that the Empire's body/food values are frequently destructive.

Afrikamerica has a crisis with food and health, no doubt--abundance of junk food and fast food, and scarcity of high quality healthy food. LaDonna Redmond, President and CEO of the Institute for Community Resource Development in West Garfield, Chicago, says, “It’s a real chore to get a salad. We can purchase illegal drugs, weapons, Nike trainers and junk food, but we can’t get a salad.”

Wednesday, January 04, 2006

Harvest of South African "integration": body-neuroses + eating disorders

"Like many South African women, Bongi Tsuene is worried about her weight.
The difference is that Tsuene, featured in a television advertisement promoting a slimming formula, is black.

"Experts say more black women like Tsuene are shunning the traditional African reverence for the fuller figure as they adapt to the pressures of post-apartheid South Africa, raising fears they could become vulnerable to eating disorders."

When "Black books" are sold like gangsta rap

"Last month I happened to go into the Borders Books store at the Stonecrest mall in Lithonia, Ga., about a half-hour from my house here.... I walked into the 'African-American Literature' section - and what I saw there thoroughly embarrassed and disgusted me.

"On shelf after shelf, in bookcase after bookcase, all that I could see was lurid book jackets displaying all forms of brown flesh, usually half-naked and in some erotic pose, often accompanied by guns and other symbols of criminal life. I felt as if I was walking into a pornography shop, except in this case the smut is being produced by and for my people, and it is called 'literature.'"

Tuesday, January 03, 2006

Egyptian police massacre 30 Sudanese refugees

"The Egyptian government has announced plans to deport over 600 Sudanese migrants, just days after police killed close to 30 unarmed Sudanese on Friday. The killings occurred outside United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees office in Cairo, where the Sudanese had gathered to protest the UN's decision to deny them refugee status. After failing to disperse them with water cannons, police stormed the crowd with clubs and metal sticks. Close to 30 people -- most of them children, elderly, and women - were killed. Another 2,000 people were arrested. Sudanese refugees have waged a bitter three-month protest, alleging racism and mistreatment in Egypt. While many have been granted permission to stay in Egypt, the Sudanese are demanding the UN grant them refugee status so they may emigrate to other countries."

Sunday, January 01, 2006

US Nigerian Selected MAN OF THE YEAR 2005

"The Governing Board of Editors of the American Biographical Institute is pleased to announce the prestigious title of Man of the Year 2005 on Prof. Peter U. Nwangwu, Pharm.D., Ph.D. of Midland, Texas. This award is presented to a select number of individuals annually from across the globe that exhibit extraordinary achievement and determination based on American ideals of entrepreneurship and success along with community involvement. Prof. Peter Uchenna Nwangwu was chosen based on his outstanding accomplishments, character, integrity, and the noble example he has set for his peers and entire community."